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2019 HUD Fair Market Rents
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FY 2019 Fair Market Rent Documentation System




Alameda County, California is part of the Oakland-Fremont, CA HUD Metro FMR Area, which consists of the following counties: Alameda County, CA; and Contra Costa County, CA. All information here applies to the entirety of the Oakland-Fremont, CA HUD Metro FMR Area.


Fair Market Rent Calculation Methodology


Fair Market Rents for metropolitan areas and non-metropolitan FMR areas are developed as follows:


1.  2012-2016 5-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates of 2-bedroom adjusted standard quality gross rents calculated for each FMR area are used as the new basis for FY2019 provided the estimate is statistically reliable. For FY2019, the test for reliability is whether the margin of error for the estimate is less than 50% of the estimate itself and whether the ACS estimate is based on at least 100 survey cases. HUD does not receive the exact number of survey cases, but rather a categorical variable known as the count indicator indicating a range of cases. An estimate based on at least 100 cases corresponds to a count indicator of 4 or higher.


2.  If an area does not have a reliable 2012-2016 5-year, HUD checks whether the area has had at least minimally reliable estimate in any of the past 3 years, or estimates that meet the 50% margin of error test described above. If so, the FY2019 base rent is the average of the inflated ACS estimates.


If an area has not had a minimally reliable estimate in the past 3 years, the estimate State for the area's corresponding metropolitan area (if applicable) or State non-metropolitan area is used as the basis for FY2019.


3.  HUD calculates a recent mover adjustment factor by comparing a 2016 1-year 40th percentile recent mover 2-bedrooom rent to the 2012-2016 5-year 40th percentile adjusted standard quality gross rent. If either the recent mover and non-recent mover rent estimates are not reliable, HUD uses the recent mover adjustment for a larger geography. For metropolitan areas, the order of geographies examined is: FMR Area, Entire Metropolitan Area (for Metropolitan Sub-Areas), State Metropolitan Portion, Entire State, and Entire US; for non-metropolitan areas, the order of geographies examined is: FMR Area, State Non-Metropolitan Portion, Entire State, and Entire US. The recent mover adjustment factor is floored at one.


4.  HUD calculates the appropriate recent mover adjustment factor between the 5-year data and the 1-year data and applies this to the 5-year base rent estimate.


5.  Rents are calculated as of 2017 using the relevant (regional or local) change in gross rent Consumer Price Index (CPI) from annual 2016 to annual 2017.


6.  All estimates are then inflated from 2017 to FY2019 using a trend factor based on the forecast of gross rent changes through FY2019.


7.  FY2019 FMRs are then compared to a State minimum rent, and any area whose preliminary FMR falls below this value is raised to the level of the State minimum.


8.  FY2019 FMRs may not be less than 90% of FY2018 FMRs.    

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